Vitis vinifera L.


Genus: Vitis

Catalan common name: Cep. Parra. Vinya.

Spanish common name: Vid. Viña.

Province distribution: Balearic Islands. Barcelona. Girona. Lleida. Tarragona. València.

Distribution in the islands: Mallorca. Menorca. Ibiza. Formentera. Cabrera.

General distribution (Phytogeography): Mediterranean

Uses and properties: Edible or foodstuffs. Symbolic uses.

Flowering time: JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec

Life-forms: Caducifolious. Phanerophyte.

Habitats: Cultivated fields, path and road sides, disturbed zones. Cultivated species. Wild olive trees and other sclerophyllous shrublands. Juniperus phoenicea subsp. turbinata forest. Cultivated and naturalizated specie.

Characteristics: The grapevine is a creeper with deeply lobed, more or less palmate leaves. Have branched tendrils that emerge opposite from the leaves. Grapevine fruits are in the form of edible berries, (grapes) green to dark reds, purples, browns, etc. according to the variety. This plant can also be found growing spontaneously in wet soils; in these habitats we can clearly appreciate its creeping vine physiognomy. Flowers in May and June.