Bartsia trixago L.


Genus: Bartsia

Sinònims: Bellardia trixago (L.) All.

Catalan common name: Cresta de gall. Erinassos. Pàpola.

Spanish common name: Gallocresta.

Province distribution: Alacant. Balearic Islands. Barcelona. Castelló. Girona. Lleida. Tarragona. València.

Distribution in the islands: Mallorca. Menorca. Ibiza. Formentera.

General distribution (Phytogeography): Mediterranean

IUCN Category: LCLeast concern

Flowering time: JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec

Life-forms: Terophyte.

Habitats: Cultivated fields, path and road sides, disturbed zones. Therophytic calicole fields. Cultivated fields, path and road sides.

Characteristics: Bellardia trixago is an annual cycle herb which is very frequently found along roadsides, dry wasteland and dry arable land; it is an erect plant with opposite leaves and a spike of terminal flowers. The flowers are clearly zygomorphic, with two well-defined lips, the lower one of which is whitish, sometimes yellow.