Fumaria officinalis L. subsp. officinalis


Genus: Fumaria

Catalan common name: Colomina. Fumisterra. Fumusterra. Juevert.

Spanish common name: Fumaria. Palomina. Sangre de Cristo.

Province distribution: Alacant. Balearic Islands. Barcelona. Castelló. Girona. Lleida. Tarragona. València.

Distribution in the islands: Mallorca. Menorca. Cabrera.

General distribution (Phytogeography): Holoartica

Uses and properties: Medicinal.

IUCN Category: LCLeast concern

Flowering time: JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec

Life-forms: Terophyte.

Habitats: Cultivated fields, path and road sides, disturbed zones. Cultivated fields, path and road sides.

Characteristics: This species of the genus Fumaria can be recognized by its wine-coloured flowers, its very small sepals and the fruits, which have straight or slightly indented apices. Can be found in cultivated fields and walkways together with many other ruderal plants; at times can be very abundant. Can be told apart from other Fumaria, which live in the same area, by the length of the sepals and the fruit shape. Flowers from winter to the end of spring.